Infrastructure Assessment in Chitwan-Annapurna Landscape


World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)

Project Period

May 2018 to August 2018

Project Area

Chitwan Annapurna Landscape (CHAL) districts

Service Areas

Cross Cutting Areas


Development of infrastructures such as roadways, railways, hydropower plants, transmission lines, airports and irrigation canals are taking fast pace in Nepal over the past few years. Increasing development of infrastructures and associated activities pose threat and pressure on natural ecosystem and the environment in the absence of poor planning and concrete mitigation measures.

Objectives of the assignment

Hariyo Ban Program, funded by USAID and implemented by WWF, has assigned SW Nepal to explore, identify and assess the impacts of current and planned future infrastructures in the CHAL area.

Key activities and services provided by SW Nepal

SW Nepal will carry out the following activities to meet the study’s objectives.

  1. Review published/unpublished IEE/EIA/SIA reports, research works, municipality profiles, journal articles, project documents and literatures available on selected infrastructures
  2. Consultation with key stakeholders of central, province and local level authorities, donors, infrastructure developers and conservationist.

Field visits to the representative infrastructures that are suggested, reported or published to have critical impact on physical, biological and socio-economic environment


Following are the outputs SW Nepal will deliver upon completion of the assignment.

  • Database of existing, under construction and planned infrastructures in next ten years
  • Assessment and analysis of short and long term impacts of the infrastructures
  • Prioritization and ranking of Infrastructures based on their level of impact on the environment.
  • Mapping of geo- location of hydropower plants based on the river basins
  • Assessment of construction of fish ladders in hydropower plants.
  • Recommendations to prevent and mitigate the negative impacts infrastructures have or will have on the environment.