Bio-gas Users’ Survey (BUS) 2011-2012

blog client


Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC), Ministry of Environment

blog project period

Project Period

April 2012 to September 2012

blog project area

Project Area

15 districts in Terai, Hills and Remote Hills

practice area

Practice Area

cross cutting

Cross Cutting Issues

Bio-gas technology was introduced in Nepal in 1955 and the Government of Nepal (GoN) started the bio-gas programme in 1975. This programme took further momentum in the country from 1992, following the establishment of Biogas Support Programme (BSP) under the assistance of the Government of the Netherlands. Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC) was established in 1996 with an objective of disseminating and promoting Renewable Energy Technology (RET) for improving living standard of rural people, providing clean energy and preventing environmental degradation. AEPC is executing the BSP with the support of GoN, German Development Bank (KfW) and World Bank (WB).

The objective of this survey was to assess the operational status and impacts of the bio-gas plants registered under Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Program.

Services provided by SW Nepal

In undertaking this assignment, SW Nepal team derived the sample size, designed household survey questionnaires and carried out intensive field surveys in 116 households in 15 districts covering remote hills, hills and Terai regions.

Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected together with photo evidences.The survey focused on understanding changes on emission reduction and energy consumption pattern, functional/operational status, customer services and satisfaction level, environmental impact and livestock pattern in relation to forest, and community benefits.


The survey resulted in better assessing the carbon emission savings from the use of bio-gas which would contribute to access CDM funds by biogas programmes in Nepal.