Biogas technology was introduced in Nepal in 1955 and the Government of Nepal (GoN) started the biogas programme in 1975. This programme took further momentum in the country from 1992, following the establishment of Biogas Support Programme (BSP) with the assistance of the Government of the Netherlands.
Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC) was established in 1996 with the objective of disseminating and promoting Renewable Energy Technology (RET) to improve living standards of rural people, providing clean energy and preventing environmental degradation. AEPC is executing BSP with the support of GoN, German Development Bank (KfW) and World Bank (WB).
The objective of this survey was to assess the operational status and impacts of the biogas plants registered under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Project.
Services provided by SW Nepal
In undertaking this assignment, SW Nepal team derived the sample size, designed survey questionnaire and carried out intensive field survey with 312 households in 25 districts covering remote hills, hills, and Terai regions. The survey provided qualitative and quantitative understanding on demography, socio-economic characteristics, health and hygiene of users, overall performance of the biogas plants, changes on energy consumption pattern, functional/operational status, users’ satisfaction level and environmental impacts arising from the use of biogas.
The survey resulted in better assessing the carbon emission savings using biogas which would contribute to access CDM funds by biogas programmes in Nepal.