Test “PRO-POOR” Self-Help Approach to Improve Local Mud Stoves in Terai

blog client


GIZ, Nepal

blog project period

Project Period

July 2011 to November 2011

blog project area

Project Area

10 Districts of Terai Region, Nepal

practice area

Practice Area

cross cutting

Cross Cutting Issues

GESI, Environment and Conservation

Mud stoves have been used in Terai for a long time. Nearly 80% of the population of Terai use this on a daily basis. But, very little is known about the kind of mud stoves which is used in the region: about whether or not these stoves can be considered as Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS) and their impacts to date. It is assumed that currently most mud-stoves in the Terai are built by the users themselves. Due to their low purchasing power, the target groups seemingly are not really open for commercial services or products in the field of cooking energy.


The objective was to observe and inquire at the household level regarding the performance and convenience of used mud stoves and to investigate if there were simple ways to improve the performance gradually based on an improved “do-it-yourself” approach.

Key activities and Services Provided by SW Nepal

In undertaking this study, the team carried out field research covering 600 sample households in 10 districts representing each of the five Development Regions. Within those 10 districts, the VDCs with the poorest and most disadvantaged communities were identified using DAG mapping data (LGCDP/MoLD). Those households were identified through consultations at the VDC (e.g. VDC Secretary) or at the community level. SW Nepal assigned 6 all-women researchers and 1 Supervisor who were assisted by 2 experts in carrying out survey work using a set of questionnaire.


The study documented in current trends in using mud stoves by poor households and how these stoves can be improved with self-help approach that is by the households themselves with their investments and limited external support.